Statome namAi??: grAi??A?tiniai ar juostiniai pamatai?

Pamatai namui yra svarbAi??s analogiA?kai kaip A?mogui A?irdis ar kiti gyvybAi?? palaikantys organai. Ne veltui atsiradAi?? ir posakiai ai??zpakloti tvirtus pamatusai???, ai??zgera pradA?ia ai??i?? pusAi?? darboai??? ir t. t. NemaA?a dalis pamatA? mAi??sA? A?alyje yra grAi??A?tiniai pamatai. Tai visiems prieinami, gana nebrangiai A?rengiami pamatai, kuriems reikia nedaug betono. Ai??io tipo pamatas A?rengiamas greitai, todAi??l tinka tiems, kurie nori, kad statybos neuA?sitAi??stA? daugelA? metA?. Tik A?iuos pamatus galima panaudoti statant A?vairiA? tipA? namus. Jei pasirinksite kompetentingus meistrus, tikAi??tina, kad paklotieji pamatai bus labai tvirti ir tarnaus ilgus metus. TaA?iau reikAi??tA? A?inoti ir tai, kad grAi??A?tiniai pamatai netiks, jeigu ketinate name A?sirengti rAi??sA?. Jie yra jautrAi??s A?alA?iui, todAi??l ant pamatA? reikAi??s pakloti ir izoliacinAi??s medA?iagos sluoksnA?. Jei gruntas ai??i?? laidus vandeniui ir netvirtas, kaip, pavyzdA?iui, pelkAi??tose vietovAi??se, tuomet geriau rinktis kito tipo pamatus, geriausiai ai??i?? juostinius. Toliau iA?samiau apraA?ysime pastarA?jA? teigiamas savybes ir paminAi??sime kelis nedidelius trAi??kumus.

statybosJuostiniai pamatai ypatingi tuo, kad jie gali bAi??ti dviejA? rAi??A?iA? ai??i?? monolitiniai, t. y. vienos masAi??s, ir surenkamieji. Ai??prastai pasirinkimAi?? lemia gruntas ir namo apkrova. Jei namas ai??i?? vidutinio dydA?io ir lengvesniA? konstrukcijA?, tuomet pamatai surenkami iA? blokeliA?. Jei namas yra sunkesniA? konstrukcijA?, pavyzdA?iui, mAi??rinis ar daugiabutis, tuomet pamatas turAi??tA? bAi??ti tvirtesnis ai??i?? monolito. Taigi, kaip jau supratote, monolito pamatas skirtas sunkiasvoriams namams ir jis kainuoja daugiau uA? surenkamAi??jA? pamatAi??.

Ai??io tipo pamatai, skirtingai nei grAi??A?tiniai, gali bAi??ti A?rengiami maA?esniame gylyje. Pamatus pakanka A?kasti A? A?emAi?? nuo 1,2 iki 1,5 m. PamatA? iA?orAi?? reikia izoliuoti nuo aplinkos drAi??gmAi??s. Izoliacinis sluoksnis A?rengiamas iA?orinAi??je pamatA? pusAi??je. Bene didA?iausias A?iA? pamatA? privalumas ai??i?? jie tinkami namams su rAi??siais. Tai pamatai, kurie naudojami statant daugiaaukA?A?ius statinius. Juostiniai pamatai yra brangesni uA? anksA?iau apraA?ytuosius pamatus, taip pat juos sunkiau sumontuoti, o montavimo laikas yra ilgesnis. Kadangi tokie pamatai jautrAi??s A?alA?iui, jA? dAi??l iA?kilnojimo pavojaus nereikAi??tA? rinktis lengviems karkasiniams statiniams. 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